“Brotherhood is Strength”

Igbo Facts & Achievements

Igbo Facts & Achievements: Facts

The most populous country within OPEC, Nigeria has over 172 million inhabitants. Located on the Gulf of Guinea on Africa’s western coast, Nigeria covers an area of around 924 thousand square kilometres. Abuja, the capital since 1991, has a population of more than one million. English is Nigeria’s official language, although many local languages such as Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo and Ijaw are also spoken.


Apart from petroleum, Nigeria’s other natural resources include natural gas, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc and arable land. The oil and gas sector accounts for about 35 per cent of gross domestic product, and petroleum exports revenue represents over 90 per cent of total exports revenue. Its currency is the naira.


Nigeria’s President is Muhammadu Buhari. The country joined OPEC in 1971.


Population (million inhabitants) 172.29
Land area (1,000 sq km) 924
Population density (inhabitants per sq km) 187
GDP per capita ($) 2,994
GDP at market prices (million $) 515,787


Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2014